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Thursday, June 27, 2013

Essay on Effects of Electronic Waste in the Environment

1. nature,scope,history,risks and challenges of the effects of electronic waste in the environment
2. evaluation of current practices & their effectiveness
3. strategies for the planning,management and communication of a more
effective policy

Essay on Effects of Electronic Waste in the Environment

The production of electronic waste or e-waste is one of the busiest and the fastest growing in the global industry. Rapid economic growth, coupled with urbanization and a mounting demand for consumer goods, has increased both the consumption and the production of e-waste. The introduction of innovative electronic gadgets and appliances has become part of our daily lives, that without it, we almost that think we can never be productive or efficient. These gadgets provide us with the comfort, health and security and with easy access to information and exchange. However, this knowledge that the society has is creating its own toxic footprints (Pinto, 2008).
E-waste is comprised of waste from office electronic equipment such as computers, entertainment devices such as television sets, electronics, mobile phones and refrigerators and other home appliances (Executive Blueprints, 2010). It is important to be aware that the end-life disposal and management of these gadgets and appliances pose a great threat to the human health and the environment.
The structure of e-waste is complex and its components are difficult to dispose. The main risks to human health and the environment come from the presence of flame retardants, heavy metal, persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and other hazardous substances. These substances may be released during recycling and material recovery, and if improperly managed, these may pose significant human and environmental health risks (Lundgren, 2012).
While most of the e-waste ends up in the landfill, some are being passed on through trading. It usually starts from illegal e-waste trade and then passed on to traders or refurbishers and then finally, to informal recyclers. These informal recyclers usually come from developing countries, such as India, Nigeria or from China where there is low cost in operation and employment. There is lack of regulation and monitoring for this type employment and worse, some even employ women and children as part of the workforce (Lundgren, 2012). Illegal trade and employment serves as one of the major challenge in e-waste management and has adverse effects in human and environmental health.
In formulating strategies to address the growing e-waste pollution, one has to understand that every country has a different set of rules and regulations, and different capacity and capability of responsible institutions. The effectiveness of e-waste management depends not only on the local government but also on the participation and awareness of the community. Lundgren (2012) suggested addressing the growing problem of informal recycling since this usually involves employing people in poverty. It is important to keep in mind that most of these people have little or no formal education and so educating them on the hazardous effects of e-waste processing on the environment and human health takes patience and dedication. Pinto (2008) recommends “prevention at the manufacturing source”, which means minimizing waste production by improving product design and having “take back policies”.
There a lot of policies governing the management of e-waste and protecting the rights of laborers. Addressing this global problem needs cooperation between the people, the local, national and international sectors. These policies are considered useless and void if we do not do our part.

This is a sample Essay on the Effects of Electronic Waste in the Environment from – the leading provider of reliable and affordable essay writing services and research paper writing services in the United States and the United Kingdom

Executive Blueprints. (2010). About WEEE: Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment.
Retrieved April 3, 2013, from

Lundgren, K. (2012). The global impact of e-waste: Addressing the challenge.
Geneva: International Labour Organization Publications, Switzerland.

Pinto, V. N. (2008). E-waste hazard: The impending challenge. Indian Journal of Occupational
and Environmental Medicine, 12(2), 65-70.Retrieved April 4, 2013 from PubMed

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