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Tuesday, December 27, 2011

Ten things every student should know in buying essays online

Ten things every student should know in buying essays online

1. Weekends are included in counting the turnaround time. So, if you will place an order on Monday morning for 7 days, you will get your order next Monday at about the same time when you placed the order.

2.  Your essay is edited and proofread by professional editors.  Our editor meticulously read each essay to check grammatical, typographical and spelling errors to ensure that the paper is well written before it is delivered to you.

3. You will get a confirmation as soon as we receive your order and payment. Upon receipt of your order through email, we send an email confirming receipt of your order and payment.

4. You can ask for revision of your essays. Revision is UNLIMITED to ensure highest customer satisfaction.

5. All papers are delivered on time. As part of our commitment to our clients, we ensure that your order is delivered to you promptly and in accordance to the period that you indicated in the order form.  You don't have to worry about any possible delay in the delivery of your paper.

6.  We can deliver papers with the required citation, whether in MLA or APA citation style. Our writers have undergone series of training to keep them apprised of different citation and academic writing styles.

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7. We value and guarantee confidentiality of all information that we received from our client.  We treat our client's identity, contact number, email address and even the materials they sent to us with utmost confidentiality.  They are NEVER published, sold or disclosed online under any circumstances. Our employees who, in the exercise of their functions obtain access to the client’s information are all bound with their confidentiality and non-disclosure agreement with our company.

8. You can trust that your payment is secured as well as your credit card account since payment solution is handled by Paypal, the most trusted payment solutions provider.  We never handle credit card information and we will never ask for your credit card information.

9.  Your paper is 100% original. All essays are personally written by our professional writers and thoroughly read by our editors and proofreaders.  At the same time, they are checked for plagiarism using our anti-plagiarism software.

10. We can always adjust to your needs. We can beat the deadline requirement at all times.  In fact, we can submit papers in 5 hours. 


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Essay on The Effects of Global Warming: Save the Earth, Save the Human Race

Essay on The Effects of Global Warming: Save the Earth, Save the Human Race

Do you know that global warming can lead to environmental degradation which will result to the earth’s total destruction?  Global warming is something that we shall not take for granted.  

Global warming can cause massive inundation, super typhoons, strong hurricane, and killer diseases due to extreme weather conditions. As early as now, the effects of global warming are devastating. Based on recent study, global warming will likewise cause drought by the end of the century and Africa will be the most affected place. These droughts will cause famine which will probably lead social unrest and war.

Global warming can kill thousands of people through natural calamity, it can destroy properties, and the destructions cost millions of dollars. It is something that can lead to the destruction of ecosystem and natural environment. The worse scenario will be the total destruction of the entire human race.

These are just few effects of global warming which are no longer based on predictions, studies and comprehensive research since these effects are already being experienced by several states in different parts of the globe. 

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The question is that what are the relevant and tangible steps that the states have accomplished so far to address global warming?  Although  leaders around the world have recently convened in South Africa to discuss and formulate ways to address global warming, are the present ways to prevent  global warming  efficient and sufficient enough to minimize the devastating effects of natural calamities?

Therefore, it is concluded that leaders shall unite and work harder and states shall likewise combine all their resources to address and prevent global warming. We shall always remember that saving the earth means saving the human race.

Monday, December 26, 2011

Essay on Racial Profiling by Sheriff Joe Arpaio

Are you looking for evidence of racial profiling in the United States?

Accusations of racial profiling against police officers is common.  However, they have continuously denied arresting individuals based on race.

In this news, however, the Department of Justice concludes that Sheriff Arpaio has committed the worst racial profiling in U.S. history.

Sunday, December 25, 2011

Federal Statute Does Not Bar Internet Poker

In a recent interpretation by the Justice Department of the Wire Act of 1961 involving the prohibition of wagers via telecommunications crossing state lines or international borders, it found that the said prohibition only refers to bets on a "sporting event or content." It excluded lottery tickets sold online and online poker.

Read the post here:
Online Gambling Legalization Likely

The implication of this is that it may pave the way for online lotteries and poker to become legal in the United States which is currently banned in the United States.

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Monday, December 19, 2011

Essay on Same Sex Marriage - Legalization of Same-Sex Marriage Improves Health

Are you looking for sound arguments in favor of gay marriage or same-sex marriage?

Most students argue that allowing same sex marriage protects the rights of gays and lesbians which is covered under the equal protection clause.   

However, other than this there seems to be no strong arguments in favor of same-sex marriage.

Are you aware that same-sex marriages may improve the health of gays and lesbians? 
Studies say that gays and lesbians are more likely to suffer from depression and have suicidal thoughts compared to heterosexual men and women.  They also suffer from isolation and seclusion.

A good argument in favor of same sex marriage is the recent study that the legalization of same sex marriages may create a healthy environment for them.  The American Journal of Public Health found that the number of visits by gay men to health clinics dropped significantly after same-sex unions were allowed in Massachusetts

The researchers concluded that same-sex marriages make gays and lesbians happier which lead to a healthier life.


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Essay on Impact of Kim Jong-il's death

            As you may know, Kim Jong-il, North Korea’s ruler and dictator, died last Saturday December 17 died while inside a train on his way to give field guidance.  According to news reports, the North Korean people were in pain after hearing reports that their leader has dead due to an “advanced acute myocardial infarction, complicated with a serious heart shock."

            What is the impact of Kim Jong-il’s death for student of history?

Impact of Kim Jong-il’s death

            Historically, the situation in North Korea has always been a very delicate situation. Because of its insistence on developing nuclear weapons and atomic bombs, it had received sanctions from the United Nations.  Technically, it has isolated itself from the family of nations.  Economically, North Korea has also been suffering from the years of mismanagement under Kim Jong-il’s leadership.  The focus on military development is draining is resources causing most of its people to suffer from poverty.

            With the death of Kim Jong-il the situation in North Korea has become even more volatile. Kim Jong-un, Kim Jong-il’s son, has been tapped by his late father to assume the leadership role.  Though he is described to have intelligence and leadership abilities, he does not have the experience that his father was able to enjoy before he assumed the highest post in North Korea.  His father did not have the time to groom him as North Korea’s next great leader.  He has also not been able to secure a power base that is loyal to him. 

            As a result, there is now an uncertainty as to the how much support he can get from the ruling elite and the military.  Could a power struggle follow? Is it possible for other military leaders to take the position away from Kim-Jong-un?

            To be able to establish his own reputation and credentials and get the support of the ruling elite, some political analysts say that it is possible that he may feel it necessary to state a crisis and show North Korea’s military strength.  Is an attack on South Korea imminent? Based on this scenario, South Korea has started to alert its military about a possible attack. 

            Another immediate impact of Kim Jong-il’s death is the decline in South Korea’s currency which dropped by 1.8% and stock index which dropped as much as 5% as against the US dollar which gained.  According to financial analyst the uncertainty will continue in a matter of two to three days until the succession in the leadership in North Korea has become clear.


Sunday, December 18, 2011

Advice on How to Stay Healthy During the Flu Season for AIDS/HIV Community

Are you looking for ideas about the lifestyles of people with HIV/AIDS?
Do you need ideas on what they do to avoid getting sick?

Recently,  issued an advice on how to stay healthy during the Flu Season for individuals who have AIDS.  For more information read the article entitled "Staying Healthy During Flue Season: Advice for People Living with HIV/AIDS."


Thanks for Getty Images for the image.

Proposal to Ban Use of Electronic Devices while Driving

Do you have the habit of using cell phones while driving?

Do you like to send SMS messages while driving along the freeway?

Do you like to call somebody while driving?

Recently, announced that the National Transportation Safety Board has voted unanimously to recommend a nationwide ban on the nonemergency use of portable electronic devices (other than those designed to support the driving task) for all drivers.

For more information, read the report titled "Be Safe - Mobile!"

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Saturday, December 10, 2011

Essay on Three-Strikes Laws: Why These Laws Shall Be Amended

Three-Strikes Laws: Why These Laws Shall Be Amended

The three-strikes laws were enacted primarily to prevent and stop heinous crimes. This was the true intent of the said laws. These laws impose a stricter penalty of a minimum of 25 years of life sentence to an offender who has been convicted of a crime for the third time. 

However, despite the nobleness of the intention of these laws, many offenders who have been sentenced in accordance with the three-strikes laws were convicted of non-heinous crimes such as petty thefts which are ordinarily misdemeanours punishable by 6 months imprisonment. 

As a result of the strict implementation of three-strikes laws, the prisons all over the state become more congested which consequently require the government to build bigger facilities for inmates. Additional prison cells require additional cost from the government which could have been spent for more practical and necessary social services such as education and health. Data since 1994 also show that prison congestion was not due to the conviction of offenders who committed heinous crimes. In fact, most of these prisoners who have been sentenced for 25 years are harmless petty criminals. 

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More than 7,000 people in California have been sentenced to life imprisonment and have accordingly sent to prison under the three-strikes law. In 350 of those cases, the third crime committed by the defendant  was a minor offense, including the case of Leandro Andrade who was caught shoplifting children’s videos twice within two weeks at K-Mart stores in Southern California in 1995. The tapes Andrade stole were worth approximately $1.60. Such petty thefts (under $400) are ordinarily misdemeanors punishable by up to six months in jail. But Andrade had a record of burglaries and marijuana possession from years before. As a result of California's tough three-strikes law, Andrade’s new petty thefts were treated as felonies. Upon his conviction, the judge sentenced him to 50 years to life in prison. (Three Strikes And You're Out)

The three strikes laws are not only unfair to defendants who have been convicted of minor offenses but it is also unfair to the taxpayers as well, whose taxes will just be spent for the rehabilitation of congested prisons instead of spending the same for social services that definitely benefit the public. 


Notwithstanding the actual effects of the three-strikes laws which are not deemed advantageous to the government and to the public, the enforcement of the three strikes laws shall continue based on the hope that it will eventually deter recidivist from committing crimes. However, these laws shall undergo an amendment to the penalties imposed. The years of imprisonment shall depend on the gravity of the offense. Amendment of these laws shall be done for the purpose of achieving the true intent of these laws which is to stop and prevent violent crimes.

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Saturday, December 3, 2011

Essays on Internet Activities that Abet Cyber Crimes: Ways of Combating Cyber Crimes

Internet Activities that Abet Cyber Crimes: Ways of Combating Cyber Crimes

Nowadays, the internet activities are part of an individual’s everyday life. However, these internet activities, no matter how convenient and helpful these may be in our busy lifestyle, abet the commission of cyber crimes which are serious threat to personal, business and national security. Most cyber crimes that are usually committed are cyber-based terrorism, computer intrusions, identity theft, major cyber fraud, intellectual property theft, corporate espionage, system sabotage, data destruction, money laundering, and terrorism, among others. Studies show that cyber crimes can be easily committed because of the following activities:

  1. Social networking and the use of emails as primary form of communication in business and in the work place as well as personal relationship of all people around the world. The heavy uses of the foregoing communications have generated vulnerabilities to commission of cyber crimes. 
  2. Online banking, investment, retail, and wholesale trade transactions as well as intellectual property distribution through the use of internet are very susceptible to information theft, fraud, misappropriation and other cyber crimes.
  3. Cyber activities of foreign rogue governments and terrorist organization primarily for the purpose of raising funds for their espionage, warfare and terror campaigns.

Studies show that cyber crimes can no longer be committed by individuals with background in IT and computer programming. Any individual with an intention to commit a cyber crime can easily buy illegal and pirated software to carry sophisticated attacks. Thus, the information security can no longer be addressed by mere installation of a firewall.

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The following steps can help individuals and companies in combating cyber crimes:

  1. Internet users shall have a level of awareness in respect to the methods being usually used by cyber criminals. Companies must conduct an information campaign which aims to promote awareness on the different cyber crimes and the ways to prevent the commission of such crimes. 
  2. Companies and people using the internet for personal use shall install some anti-malware software on their computer system. They shall likewise ensure that their anti-malware is updated. 
  3. Scanning emails especially with large attachments is must. 
  4. Encryption of sensitive data stored in the computer.  It takes a longer period for hackers to open encrypted files which will give the owner of the files to take appropriate action as soon as a breach is detected. Financial data shall be encrypted at all times since these are the primary targets of cyber criminals. 
  5. Lastly, password to every single account (email, online banking account, social networking, and discount websites account) shall always be strong and hard to decrypt or decode.


The existence of laws against cyber crimes does not absolutely deter cyber criminals from committing cyber crimes. As a matter of fact cyber criminals are also in constant search of systematic ways to hack, decode and to enter into the system in order to commit the crime. It also worthy to note that cyber crimes are no longer committed by persons with IT and computer programming background. Due to existence of illegal and pirated software, cyber crimes can now be committed by anybody as he desires. In this regard, awareness and information dissemination on the ways to improve system security shall be the primary steps to fight cyber crimes. 

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Saturday, November 12, 2011

The Moral Dilemma of Capital Punishment

Discuss capital punishment and the moral dilemma it presents

An ancient proverb provides that “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth”,  while the Code of Hammurabi in the 18th century B.C. likewise says that “if a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out, if he break another man’s bone, his bone shall be broken. These moral principles are the foundation of capital punishment. For centuries, the laws of many states adhere to and enforce capital punishment as a deterrent against heinous crimes. In essence, capital punishment is usually being observed to preserve peace and order and to prevent anarchy in the society. However, the enforcement of capital punishment raises some religious, moral and ethical issues since it involves the killing of convicted criminals and depriving them of their natural right which is the right to life. 

The principle of morality states that the taking of one’s life is wrong in all aspects notwithstanding the seriousness of the crimes and wrongdoings of such person. On the other hand, capital punishment is enforced to provide justice to the victims of the crimes.  In reality, both views are based on valid and solid grounds but one issue that calls for further evaluation is which of these two opposite views will produce greater benefit to the society in general.

As deterrent against crime, studies show that capital punishment significantly decreases the crime rate in most states which strictly enforce the law on capital punishment. Based on the study, prior to the enactment of Anti-terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act in 1996, the murder rate in California was 9.1 persons out of every 100, 000 people (Helen Chen). In the year 2008, the murder rate had declined to 5.8 persons out of every 100, 000 people (Helen Chen). Likewise, in 1996, the murder rate in Alabama was 10.4 persons out of every 100,000 people (Helen Chen).  The murder rate had significantly decreased dropped to 5.4 in 2004 (Helen Chen).

The decrease in murder rate as a result of strict enforcement of capital punishment has not only been experienced in the US but in other countries as well. Countries like China and Singapore which have the highest execution rate in the world are presently experiencing low crime rates.

Recent studies also show that capital punishment improves the prison system since it consequently reduces congestion in prison cells. However, the aforementioned issue may raise moral question like, why does the state need to kill persons convicted of heinous crime in order to solve the issue on inefficient prison system? But it bears stressing that the effect of capital punishment in the decongestion of prison cells is mere incidental to the primary purpose of death penalty which is to enforce justice and to deter criminals from committing heinous crimes.

Most states that observe capital punishment have noble intention of enforcing it which is to preserve the order and protect the welfare of the society. Thus, it is worthy to note that the life of one criminal who was proven guilty of a heinous crime beyond reasonable doubt is worth the sacrificing for the benefit, safety and security of the entire society. The imposition of capital punishment may be immoral but the preservation of order and welfare of each individual shall be the primary consideration and shall prevail over all moral issues.

Sunday, October 30, 2011

Tips in Writing Plato's Allegory of the Cave Essay

Tips in Writing Plato’s Allegory of the Cave Essay

1. Write the Summary.  You need to start by saying what the story is about.  Since it is an allegory you need to state that it has message other than what Plato directly stated.  Plato's allegory of the cave is a hypothetical situation which is depicted by a conversation between Socrates and Glaucon. Socrates asks Glaucon to imagine a cave that is inhabited by people. The people are prisoners and their hands as well as their legs are shackled by chains. In addition to that, the movement of their faces is also limited in such a way that they can only see the wall in front of them. There is a fire on the ground. Between the fire and the wall is a space for which objects can pass. The shadows of these objects fall directly to the wall which the prisoners can see. The prisoners only get to see the shadows and consider them to be the real things. (Plato) Even if they only see the shadow of a book, they will consider it as to what a book looks like. There will be times when a prisoner can break free and see the real things. He will be overwhelmed by the things that he can see in the real world. He will find out true reality as well as the beauty of the real world. However, there would be others who will persuade him to come back to the wall due to the fact that the prisoners are contented with what they see in the wall and consider the shadows to be true.

2. Discuss the Message behind Plato’s Allegory of the Cave.  Plato encouraged us to examine ourselves and to evaluate the basis of all our beliefs and opinions.  Are these beliefs and opinions based on real knowledge? Are they mere biases and prejudices? The people today are still chained to a wall which represents the media as well as the stereotypes. We believe everything that we see on movies, television, books, and magazines along with the internet are the true representation of things in the world. Everyone seems to easily believe what they see and hear from all kinds of media. We also tend to cast out stereotypes with people. For example, we say that blondes are not intelligent or one race is better than another one. Like the prisoners, people are chained to media and prejudice. What we need to do is break free and sees things the way they really are in the real world. We need to find out the truth and not just readily accept things presented to us.  (Heidegger) When we get past these then we will able to learn more and gain more knowledge about the real things. People should not be afraid of what they do not know. Instead, it should inspire them to gain more knowledge about reality.


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Friday, October 28, 2011

Essay on Life of Fidel Castro

Essay on The Life of Fidel Castro

Fidel Castro Ruz, the first president and commander in chief of the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere.  Its memoire is much like of a Cinderella story, from humble beginnings to a gratifying life of power and abundance.  Fidel Castro was an illegitimate child of illiterate sugar planters.  But what his parents lack in education they provided Castro.  They send him to a good school to acquire the necessary tutelage.  Castro was a prodigy in his young life; he excels not only in sports and athletics but in academics as well.  Proof was his degree in law school.  He finished law school in Havana, a place where the rich people play.

Castro practices his profession by helping the poor people of Cuba who cannot afford the services of a lawyer.  Thus he oftentimes suffer financial crisis.  In this scenario also his eyes were opened to the inequalities suffered by his person in the hands of a few government ministers who does favours for the benefit of the large corporations owned by the United States.  In that time, Cuba was ruled by General Fulgencio Bautista who subsequently defeated by Castro after some guerrilla attacks.

Fidel Castro rose to power.  He started to rebuild Cuba.  As an education devotee, he founded free education.  As a believer in morality, he closed down casinos and night clubs.  Cuba was beginning to progress.  But as what the maxim says “power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely”.  Castro begun to oppose the external help of other countries especially the United States.   He solely relies on the capacity of Cuba as a strong confident country.  What the United States did not offer, Castro find it on the other countries such as the Soviet Union.  Castro also begun to rule as a communist when he neglected the services of the people around him whom he cannot trust.  

Feared that Cuba will be communist base because of the continuous support of the Soviet Union, the CIA and FBI planned to assassinate the great Cuban leader but to no success.  His actions of allowing the Soviet Union to build nuclear missiles in the Cuban territories pave the way to the Cuban Missile Crisis which marks the change in the Cold War.  The last years of Cuba was filled with atrocities.  The machine used in sugar production was obsolete making the production as low as it can be.  Thus the fall of Castro’s power commenced.  In addition Castro was suffering from Parkinson’s disease.

Truly, Fidel Castro was a boundless leader in that time.  He has the knowledge and skill of a great one.  He can talk to kings but he can also walk with farmers.  He possesses what the other leader’s lack, the numerous supports of his people.  Eventually, because of manly errors Fidel Castro was drowned with power.  Again, “power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely”.

Case Analysis of Lawrence v. Taylor (539 US 558

Gay Rights
Case Analysis of Lawrence v. Taylor (539 US 558)

The facts of the case states that the petitioners, John Geddes Lawrence, a medical technologist, then age 55, and Tyron Garner, then 31, were alleged to have been engaging in consensual anal sex in Lawrence's apartment in the outskirts of Houston between 10:30 and 11 p.m. on September 17, 1998 when Harris County sheriff's deputy Joseph Quinn entered the unlocked apartment, with his weapon drawn, arresting the two.  The arrest was made because of an information of weapons disturbance from a neighbour Robert Royce Eubanks, who was once a romantically linked to Garner, who subsequently was arrested because of harassment of the petitioners.

After the arrest, the petitioners were held for violating the Texas "Homosexual Conduct" law, prohibiting aberrant sexual intercourse between members of the same sex.  To which the petitioners prayed for the dismissal of the case filed in the grounds that it is in direct violation of the Equal Protection Clause as mandated in the Bill of Rights.

Equal Protection Clause expressly assert the right of all persons to have the same access to the law and courts and to be treated equally by the law and courts, both in procedures and in the substance of the law. It is akin to the right to due process of law.  In the case at bar, the Texas "Homosexual Conduct" law was assailed as unconstitutional because of the fact that it is only applicable to “homosexual” which is definitely not in consonance to boundaries set forth by the Equal Protection Clause.  It is concentrated on a particular group not on the act.  Thus it is not in compliance with the US Constitution. The application of the law must be to all and all persons must be treated equally.  With this simple application of the US Constitution, the Supreme Court strikes down the Texas "Homosexual Conduct" law.  It provides discrimination.

Provided further, the case involves fruit of a poisonous tree.  The arrest was made because of a wrongful act done by a vengeful neighbour, which makes the arrest invalid for it grounded in no legal basis.  According to law evidence or contraband searched, seize or arrested by virtue of false accusation with no probable cause is inadmissible in the courts of law.  The arrest also violates the due process which states that no person shall be deprive of life, liberty or property without due process of law.

One of the opinions of the Supreme Court contends that the aforementioned sodomy law may be in effect if it involves minors or the act includes vitiation of consent evidenced by force, intimidation or threats.  In the present case the petitioners are of legal age and there are aware of their actions.  Both give their consent without duress, thus it is ultra vires of the sodomy law.

Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Compare and Contrast Essay on Carl Rogers and Fritz Perls

Are you looking for a compare and contrast essay on Carl Rogers and Fritz Perls?

Are you looking for an essay in response to the instruction "Compare and contrast the therapy methods used between Carl Rogers and Fritz Perls.most importantly the usage of Fritz Perels- Gestalt Approach."

Below is our sample essay on the topic of compare and contrast essay on Carl Rogers and Fritz Perls

There was a time in history where it was believed that human beings were born to accomplish certain economic and political objectives. (“Humanistic Psychology Overview” 1) It was also thought that human fate is determined from the moment one is born and that human dignity depended on the value ascribed by the existing institutions.  In response to these beliefs, there were psychologists who affirmed the inherent value and dignity of every human being.  They believed that every human being has a potential to become greater than what he is and that the role of the institutions is to help individuals in realizing the potentialities of every human being. This is known as the humanistic psychology.

There are several known Humanistic Psychologists.  One of these psychologists was Carl Rogers.  He developed a therapy method called the Person-Centered Counseling which is based on the idea that every person has the capacity for self-actualization.  This means that every person has the capacity to achieve his potential and become a better individual.  Individuals are all born with a set of skills, talents and abilities that he can use to improve and become a better human being.  Though these skills, talents and abilities may differ from one person to another all individuals are provided with these resources.

Self-actualization can be achieved through therapy and counseling.  Therapy and counseling is a process used to free a person and help him remove obstacles so that the individual may overcome his limitations and become an independent and self-directed individual.  In achieving self-actualization Carl Rogers stressed that limited role of a counselor in a counseling session.  The therapy should be non-directive, should not use assessment procedures and should not establish any goal for the client. (John Sommers-Flanagan & Rita Sommers-Flanagan 184)

In Person-Centered Counseling, the counselor does not require the individual to perform any act.  The counselor’s role is only to remove the obstacles to the normal growth and development.  He also does not need to tell the individual what to do as he already knows what to do. 

Because Rogers believes in the ability of the individual to fully realize his potential, he thinks that the counselor should not give any feedback or any solution to his problem.  For him, the individual “knows what hurts, what directions to go, what problems are crucial, what experiences have been buried.”  Under this approach, the individual is believed to have all the answers to his problems.  The task of the counselor is merely to listen to the individual and empathize with the client’s feelings.  

During therapy sessions, the individual is also allowed to speak freely about his feelings.  The counselor is not allowed to interrupt the individual as he expresses his fears, doubts, anger, and any kind of feeling.  It is believed that by not interrupting the individual reveal his thoughts and feelings the is able to understand the obstacles to self-actualization and find solutions to these problems.   

While the role of the psychologist is limited, he is still important because he helps explore the individual’s relationship with other people.  His role is to bring out the issues which could be buried in the individual’s subconscious mind.  For example, if based on what the individual has stated there are internalized conflicts which needed to be brought out, the psychologists will help bring out these internalized conflicts so that the individual may directly deal with them. 

More importantly, in Person-Centered Counseling, it is essential that the counselor should ensure that the following conditions are met to achieve self-actualization.  These conditions are unconditional positive regard, empathy and congruence.  Unconditional positive regard means that the counselor should accept the client unconditionally and non-judgmentally.  Empathy means that the counselor should be able to understand the individual’s thoughts and feelings from the perspective of the individual.

On the other hand, Fritz Perls developed a therapy method called the Gestalt Therapy.  This is very similar to Rogers’ Person-Centered Counseling in the sense that they both believed in the intrinsic capacity of an individual to achieve greater freedom and independence.  They both believed in the intrinsic ability of every human being to achieve self-actualization.  The key is to break free from the obstacles that hinder the individual from his self-development.  Gestalt Therapy also affirms that many individuals are only able to tap into a small part of their personality which is just the tip of the iceberg.  The greater part about an individual’s personality lies blocked somewhere in the unconscious. (Joe Reilly & Veronica Jacobus 15)

The goal of Gestalt Therapy is to help the individual become fully aware which according to Fritz Perls is the “only basis of knowledge and communication.” Awareness is similar to insight which is a “patterning of the perceptual field in such a way that the significant realities are apparent; it is the formation of a gestalt in which the relevant factors fall into place with respect to the whole.” (Gary Yotnef 1)

Gestalt Therapy seeks to help the individual become aware of any kind of barriers and to eliminate these barriers so that the individual may be able to effectively communicate and relate to other people.  The task of the counselor is to evaluate in whole the individual’s communicative abilities and to point out any kind of behavior, body language and language that the patient uses which may serve as a barrier to communication.  Thus, it is common for the counselor to interrupt the individual during a therapy session and point out to the individual his behaviors that he thinks may serve as barrier to communication.  Through discussion with the individual, the counselor is able help the individual become aware of obstacles to his development.

In contrast to the Person-Centered Counseling which limits the role of the counselor to a mere passive receiver of information, Gestalt Therapy believes that the counselor has a more active role in counseling.  In Gestalt Therapy, the role of the counselor is not merely to listen to what the individual reveals about himself.  Rather, the counselor engages the individual into a continued dialogue.  By engaging in a dialogue the individual starts to see himself from the perspective of the counselor.  In so doing he becomes more aware of what he is doing, how he is doing it and how he can change himself. 

Gestalt Therapy is also different from the Person-Centered Counseling in the sense that it does not give emphasis on what the individual should do.  Person-Centered Counseling believes that every individual already knows what he should do and what should be done.  Gestalt Therapy only helps the individual become aware of the present situation.  It only helps to stress awareness of what is.  For example, the counselor who is counseling a married couple does not tell the couple what to do to save the marriage.  Rather, the counselor’s role is merely to make the married couple become aware of what they are doing as married couples.  He does not tell the married couple what is wrong with the marriage.  He also does not advice them what to do to correct their mistakes.  He simply helps them realize what the married couples have been doing so that they could figure things out for themselves and modify their behavior for the purpose of saving the marriage.

In Gestalt Therapy, the counselor does not need to empathize with the individual.  The counselor does not need to understand the thoughts and feelings of the individual from his perspective.  It is the role of the counselor to make the individual become aware of things that he may have been unconscious of.  The counselor’s role is to point out the perceptions and behaviors which may serve as obstacles to achieving self-actualization.


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Cultural Assimilation Essay

Are you looking for an essay on cultural assimilation? 

Do you a sample essay on the following question:
In an effectively written 4-5 page argumentative essay form an opinion and establish a specific position on the issue of assimilation and how it affects cultural or ethnic identity. Should a person adopt a new culture or not? If yes, to what extent? Why do you believe this?

Below is our sample essay:

Assimilation is the process by which the members of a minority group lose the characteristics that make them unique and distinguish them from the dominant group as they strive to adapt to the characteristics of the dominant group. 

In the past, American culture struggled with the idea of assimilation.  The prevailing idea then was that the white race was the superior race and all others were inferior.  As a result, slavery had become institutionalized for centuries and had become a way of life.  Blacks were forced to work on lands owned by Whites.  They toiled day and night and were considered as commodities that can sold or bought.

American history shows that the dominant group had concerns about assimilation and rejected any attempt on the part of the minority group to be assimilated into the mainstream culture.  Inter-racial marriages were also forbidden and there were laws against it.  Individuals who engaged in these marriages were punished and that the children were ordinarily considered as belonging to the inferior race. 

During the 20th Century, things started to change and slavery was abolished after the end of the civil war.  However, assimilation was still a difficult pill to swallow.  Though slavery had been abolished, Jim Crow Laws were still in effect.  These were the laws that legalized the provision of separate facilities for the white and the black. 

However, ever since the time of slavery until the Jim Crow Laws era, the African Americans had wanted to become assimilated.  They had wanted to be recognized as African Americans.  They did not want to be labeled just blacks.  The same was true with the Latinos, Asians and other minorities which had wanted to be assimilated into the American culture.

Nowadays, assimilation has become the trend.  American culture has started to evolve and accept the concept of diversity.  (Solomon Moore 1)  Modernity has paved the way for the acceptance by the dominant group of the minority group.  Hate crimes are now being prosecuted and being punished by the government.  Title VII of the Civil Rights Act which prohibits discrimination on account of age, sex or race is a proof that the United States has started to embrace the concept of diversity.  The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission investigates and prosecutes cases on discrimination against African Americans, Latinos, Asians and other minorities.  Courts have handed out judgments against companies for their failure to provide a discrimination-free work environment.  Companies have started to revise their policies so that these policies are discrimination-free. 

Because of these changes, assimilation into the American culture had become easier.  The minorities no longer have to worry about the Ku Klux Klan threatening them.  They no longer have to worry about being denied opportunity simply because they are part of the minority.  Embracing the American culture had become easier for them.  However, there are certain consequences when the minority group becomes assimilated to the culture of the dominant group.  Characteristics that are unique to the minority are bound to be discarded in favor of the culture of the dominant group.  Though these changes do not take place overnight or over a week’s time, they happen.  Assimilation changes a person’s views and perceptions about things.  While the minority desires assimilation, the discarding of unique characteristics of the minority group poses difficulty for the minorities. 

For example, Filipinos are known for their close family ties.  Grandparents, parents, and grandchildren are known to stay under one roof.  They are known to recognize the indissolubility of marriage.  Marriage couples will ordinarily stay in marriage and try to work things out between them just so they could honor their marriage vows.  However, when Filipino families migrate to the United States and become assimilated to the culture they start to discard their culture in favor of the new culture.  They start to entrust their old relatives under the care of institutions.  Though they pay for these institutions to take care of their old relatives it is a significant departure from the Filipino culture wherein the younger generations take care of the old relatives.  When Filipino families migrate to the United States they discover that the divorce is easier to secure in the United States.  When they get their American citizenship they can easily secure divorce.  Though the Philippine laws do not recognize divorce they are forced to accept the situation that a former Filipino citizen may seek a divorce in foreign countries allowing him to remarry elsewhere.  Philippine courts are forced to recognize the foreign decree of divorce. 

A popular example is Yao Ming.  Yao Ming is a basketball player who plays for the Houston Rockets.  He plays the center position and is arguably one of the most popular basketball players in the 21st Century.  He has lived in the United States for a few years now.  He has learned to speak English, eat American food, live the American lifestyle and earn American dollars.  However, Yao Ming has received criticisms from the Chinese people.  He has been criticized for failing to express his gratitude by giving back to the Chinese people.  There were situations when China has experienced tragedy and it seems that the Chinese people expect more from Yao Ming.  For the Chinese people living in China, they feel that Yao Ming has assimilated into the American culture that he has forgotten his native roots. 

It is expected that the minority may want to be assimilated with the dominant group.  For them assimilation means better opportunities and a better life.  More than the better life, it also means acceptance.  However, assimilating a new culture often has unexpected results.  It often results in discarding the old culture in favor of a new culture.  When an individual discards his old culture, this often results in loss of self-identify and self-esteem.  The adjustment could be difficult not only for the adults but even for the young children who may be confused as to who or what they really are. 

There is nothing wrong in assimilating to a new culture.  An individual needs to be able to evolve as a person and learn new things.  An individual needs to be able to learn the great things about another person’s culture.  However, an individual should not forget his roots.  He cannot forget what he is because his culture makes him what he is.  He owes a lot to his own country.  


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Essay on Analysis of "Toxie"

Are you looking for an essay on toxic assets or mortgage-backed securities? Have you ever encountered the following question:

Write a five  page essay analyzing “Toxie” and any related issues connected with toxic assets/mortgage backed securities?

Below is our sample essay in connection with the essay on "Toxie"

            During the 1930s the United States first suffered the longest and worst depression in its history.  This was the period of Great Depression where the country experienced a steep decline in the production and sale of goods, increase in unemployment rate, foreclosure of mortgages, and closure of banks. The Great Depression was so bad that it affected every person regardless of his social status. 

            Several decades after the country surpassed the difficulties of the Great Depression, the United States is now facing another crisis which could be worse than the Great Depression.  For the first time since the Great Depression, many Americans are now faced with the reality that the amount of their mortgage obligation already exceeds the value of their home. (Alex Blumberg 1)          Faced with the dilemma of paying for their mortgages which are worth more than the actual value of their home many homeowners are forced to choose from the following options: to continue paying for the mortgage; to sell the property to another buyer; or to voluntarily default on the mortgage and let the banks foreclose on the mortgage. 

            One the part of banks, these assets that have lost their value are called toxic assets.  Toxic assets are assets which are held by banks which are backed by sub-prime mortgages.  The toxic assets are the primary reasons why many banks have suffered huge losses and why some banks eventually closed down.  Toxic assets are also the reasons why banks have refused to lend money to individuals and business investors.  They are also the reasons why individuals no longer have money to spend.  Business investors do no also have enough money to put up their businesses and sell their products and services to the people.  Money has stopped circulating in the economy as banks have started to hold on to their money.  

            The situation, however, could have been averted.  In fact, there were warning signs as early as the beginning of the year 2000 that the housing bubble would eventually burst and the economy will suffer.  The rampant property flipping or the fraudulent sale of property to another by one person who just acquired the property from another person should have been a warning sign for many banks. (Braga, Davis and Doig 1)  The lending of money to borrowers whose credit standing weak should have alerted many bankers.  The rising interest rates and the increase in the number of foreclosure are also symptoms of an ailing industry. 

However, the lure of the money for banks who wanted to take advantage of the real estate boom was too tempting for bankers.  Larger banks were also drooling over the number of investors who were salivating over the mortgage-backed securities which were selling like hotcakes at the time were too much of a temptation to pass up.  Many investors and bankers alike negligently decided to ignore the warning signs.  As a result, when the mortgaged-backed securities became toxic assets everybody suffered.

            As a matter of standard banking practice, a mortgage obligation is supposed to be fully secured by collateral on the house.  For example, the appraised value of house and lot at the time the obligation was entered into is $20,000.  The banks will only lend as much as 70% or 80% of the house’s appraised value.  This means that there is an excess of 20% to 30% which offsets any cost which the bank may incur in case the property is foreclosed.  If the value of the collateral increases over time the bank will earn income from the foreclosure should the borrower defaults in his mortgage obligation. Since the banks can easily sell the properties they are protected in the event that the borrowers default on their obligation. 

            Banks also have strict requirements before a borrower may be able to apply for a mortgage loan.  The borrowers are required to undergo character investigation to determine their credit history, present work, assets, and liabilities.  This process ensures that the borrowers have the financial capacity to pay the loan. 

            But there was a time when real estate was a boom in the United States.  Everybody wanted to buy houses.  Most were buying houses for investment purposes thinking that they could eventually sell these houses at a higher price in the future.  All these buyers wanted to take advantage of the increasing value of the real estate.  Because the demand for real estate was high banks started selling these mortgage loans to bigger and larger banks.  In turn, the larger banks bundled the mortgage loans and package them as an investment scheme called mortgage-backed securities. 

Essentially, a mortgage-backed security is a pool of mortgage loans that allows the investors to receive a return of their investment from the homeowners who pay their mortgage loans.  Thus, when homeowners pay their loan obligations from banks, the payment is divided among the investors of the mortgage-backed security. 

            At the time, nobody thought that the investment of buying mortgage-backed security was risky.  The investors were just thinking about the potential return on their investment which was virtually guaranteed at the time considering the real estate boom.  Since banks were making a lot of money from these mortgages, they started to open to almost everybody the mortgage loan applications.  They also relaxed the rules particularly the character investigation, proof of income, assets and liabilities.  Borrowers whose credit standing are not good or did not have sufficient income to pay off their loans were also accepted by banks.  Banks also failed to property appraise the value of the houses which allowed the fraudulent real estate professionals to inflate the value of the houses by selling them to friends, family members and business partners. (Braga, Davis and Doig 1)  Thus, when these buyers applied for a loan with the bank they were able to get a higher value for the house.  Of course, they did not have any intention to repay their mortgage obligation.  

The borrowers who had weak credit standing are called sub-prime borrowers and their mortgages are called sub-prime mortgages.   These mortgages were also sold to larger banks which also sold these mortgage-backed securities to investors.  Since these mortgages were sub-prime and risky the rate of return for the investment was also higher.  For investors, however, the risk was immaterial considering the higher return on their investment.  This is also another reason for the collapse of the real estate market.

            Logic will tell that if the interest rate is high, payment on these loan obligations will become very difficult for borrowers.  Some borrowers started to default in the payment of their monthly amortizations.  Banks started to foreclose on these mortgages.  After some time, the number of foreclosures started to increase.  The real estate started to collapse and their value started to go down.  Borrowers realized that the value of the real estate had become so low that it would no longer be wise and practical for them to continue paying on their loans. Consequently, they stopped paying their loans.  As a result, banks could no longer collect from their borrowers.  As much as the banks wanted to foreclose these mortgages to sell to other buyers they could not do so since there are no takers in the market.  It must be stressed that banks need to be liquid for it to operate.  Real estate properties are worthless to banks if they could not sell them eventually. 

            In fact, the collapse of the real estate had created a situation in the United States where even the borrowers who can pay their monthly amortization have refused to pay their banks.  Borrowers chose to default on their mortgage.  In the study conducted by the Reecon Advisors, nearly one out of ten homeowners or 9.2% or 7.4 million people are more likely to choose default. (Lita Epstein 1) Moreover, Guiso, Sapienza and Zingales (2009) in a research found that 26% of the existing defaults are strategic (p.1).  They also found that no household would default if the equity shortfall is less than 10% of the value of the house.  However, 17% of the household will choose to default if the equity shortfall reaches 50% of the value of the house. (Guiso, Sapienza and Zingales 1) The intentional failure to pay an existing and outstanding debt that is secured by a mortgage allowing banks the option to foreclose the mortgage is called Strategic Default.  There are many reasons why many people in the United States choose strategic default instead of paying for their loan.  Among these reasons are to get a lower house payment, to get out of a mortgagee, to buy a bigger house with the same payment, to move into a better neighborhood and to give the homeowner opportunity to settle his other debts. 

Since the mortgage-backed security depended on the ability of the borrowers to pay their mortgage obligation, investors started to move away from these investments.  Mortgage-backed security also started to lose their value on the market.  Consequently, larger banks have also lost liquidity since their assets are full of worthless mortgage-backed securities that have lost their value in the market.