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Wednesday, July 10, 2013

Essay on Parenting Styles and its Effects

Essay on Parenting Styles and its Effects
            Parents and their parenting style play an important role in the development of their child. In fact, many child experts suggest that parenting style can affect a child’s social, cognitive, and psychological development which influence not just their childhood years, but it will also extend throughout their adult life. This is because a child’s development takes place through a number of stimuli, interaction, and exchanges that surround him or her. And since parents are generally a fixed presence in a child’s life, they will likely have a significant part on the child’s positive or negative development (Gur 25).
            There are four main types of parenting style. This includes (1) authoritative, (2) authoritarian, (3) indulgent, and (4) neglectful parenting. Authoritative parenting is a type of parenting style which is both demanding and responsive. It is often referred to as assertive democratic primarily because the parents encourage their child to be independent, but at the same time, they tend to place limits as well as control their actions. Similarly, authoritative parents understand their child’s emotions however they also teach the child how to control and to regulate these feelings. Another important characteristic of this style is that parents tend to demand maturity and also set limits. Punishments in this style are common although it is typically not violent or arbitrary. One of the advantages of this parenting style is that children tend to respond accordingly and properly to their parents because their limits and just are reasonable and just (Suheyla 1).
            The next time of parenting is authoritarian parenting. It is often referred to as totalitarian or strict parenting as the style is both demanding and unresponsive. One of the main characteristics of this style is that the parents have high expectation of the child to comply and conform to every rules and regulations. This type of parenting also allows very little, if not none, open communication between the child and the parent. Authoritarian parents simply require the child to follow their orders without explaining the reason for the set boundaries and rules. Scholars suggest that parents who employ this style are often unresponsive to the emotional needs of the child. As such, a child raised by an authoritarian parent tends to display low social competence as the parent hinders the child to choose for his or herself. Some children may even develop a number of insecurity and low self-esteem (Suheyla 1).
            Indulgent parenting is a style which is responsive and undemanding. This means that the parent is often lenient and permissive as they have very few behavioural expectations. An indulgent parent is also involved with the child, but creates or sets very few demand and limit. Children raised in this type of parenting are often seen as “spoiled brats”. This is because they were not taught how to control nor regulate their emotions. Instead, they are given everything they want. Consequently, these children often display misconduct and at times delinquency (Loop 1).
            The last type of parenting is referred to a neglectful parenting. Unlike the first three, neglectful parenting is neither responsive nor demanding. Rather, parents are detached and uninvolved in their children. Neglectful parents tend to be dismissive and unresponsive to the child’s emotional needs. Children with a neglectful upbringing are often independent and mature. However, they also display emotional withdraw and aloofness towards other people. Similarly, these children are not expressive of their feelings and emotion. Some teenagers also show patter of delinquency and misbehaviour (Suheyla 1).

Works Cited
Gur, Cagla. Developing Parenting Styles. NY: Trafford Publishing, 2011
Loop, Erica. The Impact of parenting styles on children. Everyday life. Retrieved 11 July 2013,
Sarac, Suheyla. Parenting Styles. The Fountain. Retrieved 11 July 2013, from

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